Learning, Memory and Cognition

Cognition can describe many functions related to learning, memory, and executive function. Rodent protocols commonly involve specialized mazes or operant chambers designed to engage a targeted cognitive process or subset of processes. Studies may focus on a type of learning/memory, like spatial, associative, recognition or short vs long term memory. Other experimental paradigms consider functions such as mental flexibility, impulse control, motivation, and attention.


Common Applications

  • Neurodegenerative Diseases
  • Alzheimer's Disease
  • Attention Deficit Disorder
  • Schizophrenia
  • Brain Injuries
  • Stroke/Ischemia
  • Dementias
  • Gambling/Compulsive Disorder
  • Safety Pharmacology
  • Aging
  • Addiction

Combining your Behavioral Assessments with Other In Vivo Techniques?

Ask us about our tether-compatible arenas and digital interface options. Whether it is integration of electrophysiology, fiber photometry, telemetry, optogenetic stimulation, or video recording—we offer a range of behavioral solutions designed with multidisciplinary approaches in mind.

PL and MCS


Recent References

Mazes (Spatial Learning/Memory)
1.Giménez-Llort L, Santana-Santana M, Ratia M, et al. Clock/Sleep-Dependent Learning and Memory in Male 3xTg-AD Mice at Advanced Disease Stages and Extrinsic Effects of Huprine X and the Novel Multitarget Agent AVCRI104P3. Brain Sci. 2021;11(4):426.

2. Pontifex MG, Martinsen A, Saleh RNM. et al. APOE4 genotype exacerbates the impact of menopause on cognition and synaptic plasticity in APOE-TR mice. FASEB J. 2021 May;35(5):e21583

3. Lin YS, Liu CK, Lee HC, et al. Electronegative very-low-density lipoprotein induces brain inflammation and cognitive dysfunction in mice. Sci Rep. 2021;11(1):6013.

4. Ramis MR et al. Chronic Polyphenon-60 or Catechin Treatments Increase Brain Monoamines Syntheses and Hippocampal SIRT1 Levels Improving Cognition in Aged Rats. Nutrients. 2020 Jan 26;12(2). pii: E326.

Novel Object (Recognition Memory)
5. Cheon SY, Koo BN, Kim SY, Kam EH, Nam J, Kim EJ. Scopolamine promotes neuroinflammation and delirium-like neuropsychiatric disorder in mice. Sci Rep. 2021;11(1):8376.

Operant Conditioning (Various Aspects of Learning, Memory, Cognition)
6. Padovani L, Tesoriero C, Vyssotski A, Bentivoglio M, Chiamulera C. Hippocampal gamma oscillations by sucrose instrumental memory retrieval in rats across sleep/wake cycle. Neurosci Lett. 2020 Sep 25;736:135255.

7. Dela Peña I, Shen G, Shi WX. Droxidopa alters dopamine neuron and prefrontal cortex activity and improves attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder-like behaviors in rats. Eur J Pharmacol. 2021 Feb 5;892:173826.

Fear Conditioning (Fear/Associative Learning)
8. Zhang B, Wang L, Zhan A, et al. Long-term exposure to a hypomagnetic field attenuates adult hippocampal neurogenesis and cognition. Nat Commun. 2021;12(1):1174.

9. Davis SM, Zuke JT, Berchulski MR, Burman MA. Amygdalar Corticotropin-Releasing Factor Signaling Is Required for Later-Life Behavioral Dysfunction Following Neonatal Pain. Front Physiol. 2021;12:660792.

10. Zhang Y, Wang Z, Ju J, Liao J, Zhou Q. Elevated activity in the dorsal dentate gyrus reduces expression of fear memory after fear extinction training. J Psychiatry Neurosci. 2021;46(3):E390-E401.